History of England



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The History of England

The history of England is amazingly interesting. Many film directors are interested in taking parts of the history of England to the big screen because of its richness. Brave men, battles, kings and beliefs make the history of England a wonderful long telling-tale.

Because England was so wealthy and had a mild climate and peace, many greedy men had felt tempted by this land. First, Germanic tribes arrived, and in the 5th century they began to settle. These men were warlike and illiterate.

After long studies of the history of England, it’s been proved that the invaders came from three different powerful Germanic tribes: the Saxons, the Angles and the Jutes, who began to settle after AD 430. The Angles settled in the east and in the north Midlands. The Jutes settled in Kent and along the east coast. The Saxons settled between the Angles and the Jutes. The name "England" means "the land of the Angles”.

But the history of England doesn’t begin at this point. Before the arrival of these Germanic tribes, there were other tribes living in the British territory, with cultures, beliefs and they lived in society. These were the Celts.

Although they were warlike, the Celts were wonderful people with an extremely rich culture. The Celts occupied central and western Europe before Christ. They had their own language from which many languages that are still spoken today developed, such as Irish and Welsh. The Celtic art was based on abstract and geometric patterns. Art generally showed sacred animals.

The history of England shows us that the Celtics never united as a single nation. They were divided into many different tribes. Each tribe was ruled by its own chief, which could be a king or a queen. The chief was supported by his/her warriors, who were given valuable gifts for protecting the chief and fighting for him/her. There were also the druids. The druids were the priests and lawgivers of the tribe and in many ways they were more important than the chief. Each tribe did not support each other, unless there was some kind of exchange of services, but there was too much rivalry between them to become allies.

As regards law, the Celtics did not have written laws. They passed on the law from one generation to the next by word of mouth. This is a disadvantage because, for those who study the history of England in deep, it is much more difficult to find out what these laws were about. It was proved however, thanks to testimonies written by the Romans who later invaded the Celts, that if these people broke the law, they were punished, and the worst punishment was to be forbidden to take part in tribal sacrifices. The druids were the ones in charge of handing down the tribal laws and knowledge.

Many findings about the history of England show us that the Celts were very religious. They were pagans and had many festivities. These festivities were based on gods’ worships and sacrifices, and the oak tree was generally present as this was considered a sacred tree that allowed them to communicate with the gods. The druids, whose name means "knowledge of the oak", were in charge of performing the religious ceremonies. They carried out the sacrifices which included animals as well as human victims. The shrines were built in the hillforts were each tribe lived, at the source of rivers and in the forests.

But the history of England has its sad endings. When the Romans invaded Britain, the druids were hunted down, probably because they had led resistance to the Roman armies. Besides, the druids represented a political and administrative hierarchy among the rest of the Celts. In addition, although the Romans were tolerant of their religion, as long as they also worshiped the emperor, the druids did not accept this.




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